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Introduction to Alicante


Alicante is a city in Spain and is also the capital of its own province, Province of Alicante. Alicante has a population of just over 334,000 people, which makes it the 2nd largest Valencian city. The metropolitan area of Alicante has a population of just over 769,000 people, which makes it the 8th largest metropolitan area in Spain.


In the year 1298, Alicante became under the rule of the Kingdom of Valencia. This helped Alicante become a major trading station and allowed the city to strive. The Spanish War of Succession occurred during the early 18th century which ended the Kingdom of Valencia, which ultimately sent Alicante in decline. Alicante continued to decline until it was able to strive during World War I because it was one of the few neutral capitals in the world. Once Franco gained power in the 1930's, Alicante started to experience difficult times again. Alicante would not turn it around until after Franco's death in 1975. They were able to build a striving tourism industry under the democratic rule of the new leader, Juan Carlos I.

The Mediterranean climate that Alicante experiences allows the city to feature mild temperatures throughout the year. The summer months of June, July and August will rarely see the high temperatures reach above 30 °C. The winter season will see high temperatures around 17 and 18 °C each day. Due to the city's location near the sea, the temperatures also do not fluctuate during the day. There will generally only be a 4 or 5 degree difference between the daily high and low.

Alicante continues to be a major tourist destination and one of the fastest growing cities in the country of Spain. The Costa Blanca is a long stretch of coastline that draws people from throughout Europe. Costa Blanca is known for its beautiful white beaches that are some of the best in the world. Costa Blanca and the several other attractions in the city have allowed Alicante to maintain a striving tourism industry.

Other than the Costa Blanca, the main tourist attraction in Alicante is the Castle of Santa Barbara. The castle is built on Mount Benacantil and overlooks the city. The Castle of Santa Barbara was used as fortification for the military until the 18th century. Once the military stopped using the castle, it remained empty until 1963. In 1963, the castle was opened to the public with tours given each day.